Jewelry encyclopedia

Taking Care of Silver Jewelry

17.01.2012. 14:15:54 (GMT +1)

Silver jewelry is an affordable and fashionable way to add sparkle to your personal jewelry selection, so it's important to keep the silver shining for long time. Most silver jewelry is actually Sterling Silver, which is a strong metal but can tarnish if not cared for properly.

Try to to keep your sterling silver jewelry in a dry place in tarnish prevention cloths or bags. The treated cloth slows down the tarnishing process and keeps the jewelry from rubbing against harder pieces that can scratch it.

Avoid exposing your silver jewelry to chemicals when cleaning with …

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Jewelry and its history

09.11.2011. 14:56:30 (GMT +1)

Jewelry is a form of personal ornament. They are many different form of jewelry such as rings, necklaces, earrings, and bracelets, brooches.
With some exception such as military dog tags, or medical alert bracelets, jewelery differs from other personal ornament in that it has no other purpose than to look attractive, but it has been producing and wearing for a long time. The jewelry as old as the humankind, older than the clothing, because the man's vanity and self-decoration spirit, the use of jewelry prevailed even then and there, where the lack of culture and the climate made the …

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Earrings

10.10.2011. 16:21:03 (GMT +1)

We have for you a big choice of beautiful earrings of different kind such as silver earring with cubic zirconia stones, amber, garnet opal, onix and more other sparkling gemstones and plain earrings from silver and from stainless steal in any shapes.

Earrings may be made of any materials, like metal, plastic, glass, precious stones, beads, wood, bone, and other materials. Designs range from small loops and studs to large plates and dangling items. Naturaly the size of earring is limited by the physical capacity of the earlobe to hold the earring without tearing. However, heavy …

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Bracelet

10.10.2011. 11:06:21 (GMT +1)

Certainly you will find a bracelet or bangle to your liking in our jewelry catalog. There is a big selection of silver and anti-allergic stainless steel bracelets and bangles with different kind of gemstones, like opal, amber garnet etc. or without stones as well.

Bracelet is an article of jewelry which is worn around the wrist. Bracelets usualy made from metal, plastic, leather, cloth or other materials often decorated with gemstones, rocks, wood, and/or shells.
Beside the usualy use of bracelets, they are also used for medical purposes, such as allergy bracelets We also know …

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Necklace

07.10.2011. 16:18:49 (GMT +1)

We offer a wide variety of necklaces in our jewelry webshop. You will find here a large model range of plain necklaces, chains in any size different eye-catching necklace with pendant collections and anti-allergic stainless steel necklaces as well.

A necklace is a jewellery which is worn around the neck. Necklaces are frequently formed from a metal jewellery chain, often attached to a locket or pendant. Necklaces can also be manufactured with cloth, and they sometimes contain rocks (particularly gems), wood, and/or shells with different shapes and sizes.

Necklaces have …

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Ring

07.10.2011. 14:08:26 (GMT +1)

You can choose in our jewelry ring catalog from a big variety of rhodium plated cubic zirconia silver rings, and other kind of rings with amber, opal, turquoise, garnet, onyx and other beautiful gemstones, rings without stones, and anti-allergic stainless steel rings.

A ring (jewelry) is a decorative ornament for fingers, toes, or around the arm or neck.
A finger ring is a circular band worn as a type of ornamental jewelry on a finger. It is the most common meaning of the ring.

Other types of metal bands used for ornaments are also called rings, such as arm rings and …

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Turquoise

03.10.2011. 14:15:39 (GMT +1)

References

Turquoise is an opaque, blue-to-green mineral that is a hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminium, with the chemical formula CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8·4H2O, category: Phosphate minerals. It is rare and valuable in finer grades and has been prized as a gem and ornamental stone for thousands of years owing to its unique hue. In recent times, turquoise, like most other opaque gems, has been devalued by the introduction of treatments, imitations, and synthetics onto the market.
The substance has been known by many names, but the word turquoise, which dates to the 16th century, is d…

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Titanium

03.10.2011. 14:09:16 (GMT +1)

Titanium is a chemical element with the symbol Ti and atomic number 22. It has a low density and is a strong, lustrous, corrosion-resistant (including sea water, aqua regia and chlorine) transition metal with a silver color.
Titanium was discovered in Cornwall, Great Britain, by William Gregor in 1791 and named by Martin Heinrich Klaproth for the Titans of Greek mythology. The element occurs within a number of mineral deposits, principally rutile and ilmenite, which are widely distributed in the Earth's crust and lithosphere, and it is found in almost all living things, rocks, water …

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Swarovski

03.10.2011. 13:56:02 (GMT +1)

Swarovski is the brand name for a range of precisely-cut crystal (a particular type of glass) and related luxury products produced by Swarovski AG of Wattens, Austria.

History

Daniel Swarovski (1862–1956), the founder of the company
Daniel Swarovski (October 24, 1862 – January 23, 1956), formerly Daniel Swartz, was born in northern Bohemia (now the Czech Republic). His father was a glass cutter who owned a small glass factory. It was there that a young Swarovski served an apprenticeship, becoming skilled in the art of glass-cutting. In 1892 he patented an electric cutting mach…

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Rhodium

03.10.2011. 12:30:17 (GMT +1)

Periodic table: Rh, Appearance: silvery white metallic
General properties: Name, symbol, number: rhodium, Rh, 45

Rhodium is a chemical element that is a rare, silvery-white, hard and chemically inert transition metal and a member of the platinum group. It has the chemical symbol Rh and atomic number 45. It is composed of only one isotope, 103Rh. Naturally occurring rhodium is found as the free metal, alloyed with similar metals, and never as a chemical compound. It is one of the rarest precious metals, and the most costly.
Rhodium is a so-called noble metal, resistant to …

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Opal

03.10.2011. 11:57:55 (GMT +1)

Opal is an amorphous form of silica related to quartz, a mineraloid form, not a mineral. 3% to 21% of the total weight is water, but the content is usually between 6% to 10%. It is deposited at a relatively low temperature and may occur in the fissures of almost any kind of rock, being most commonly found with limonite, sandstone, rhyolite, marl and basalt. Opal is the national gemstone of Australia, which produces 97% of the world's supply.

Precious opal is commonly used for different kind of jewelry as a gemstone, like silver jewelry and gold jewelry.

Opal's internal …

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Precious metal

03.10.2011. 11:19:52 (GMT +1)

A gold nugget

A precious metal is a rare, naturally occurring metallic chemical element of high economic value. Chemically, the precious metals are less reactive than most elements, have high lustre, are softer or more ductile, and have higher melting points than other metals. Historically, precious metals were important as currency, but are now regarded mainly as investment and industrial commodities. Gold, silver, platinum, and palladium each have an ISO 4217 currency code.

The best-known precious metals are the coinage metals gold and silver. While both have industrial …

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Stainless steel

03.10.2011. 11:01:20 (GMT +1)

In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French "inoxydable", is defined as a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5 or 11% chromium content by mass.
Stainless steel does not stain, corrode, or rust as easily as ordinary steel, but it is not stain-proof. It is also called corrosion-resistant steel or CRES when the alloy type and grade are not detailed, particularly in the aviation industry. There are different grades and surface finishes of stainless steel to suit the environment the alloy must endure. Stainless steel is used where both the properties of steel …

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Marcasite

03.10.2011. 10:31:49 (GMT +1)

Category; Sulfide mineral; Chemical formula; FeS2; Strunz classification 02.EB.10a;
Crystal symmetry; Orthorhombic 2/m 2/m 2/m

Identification

Molar mass 119.98; Color Tin-white on fresh surface, pale bronze-yellow, darkening on exposure, iridescent tarnish; Crystal habit Crystals typically tabular, curved faces common; stalactitic, reniform, massive; cockscomb and spearhead shapes due to twinning.
Crystal system Orthorhombic, Pnnm Twinning Common. Cleavage: rather distinct; in traces
Fracture Irregular/Uneven; Tenacity Brittle; Mohs scale hardness 6-6.5; Luster …

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Pearl

03.10.2011. 09:34:35 (GMT +1)

General: Category: Mineral, Chemical formula: CaCO3
Identification:
Color: white, pink, silver-, cream-, golden-colored, green, blue, black, yellow, rainbow
Cleavage: none, Mohs scale hardness: 2.5-4.5, Streak: white, Specific gravity: 2.60-2.85
Dispersion: none, Ultraviolet fluorescence: weak, cannot be evaluated. Genuine black p .: Red to reddish River-p.: Strong: pale green

A pearl is a hard object produced within the soft tissue (specifically the mantle) of a living shelled mollusk. Just like the shell of a mollusk, a pearl is made up of calcium carbonate in minute …

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Mother of pearl

30.09.2011. 11:04:02 (GMT +1)

Mother of pearl, also known as nacre, is an organic-inorganic composite material produced by some mollusks as an inner shell layer; it is also what makes up pearls. It is very strong, resilient, and iridescent.
Mother of pearl is found in some of the more ancient lineages of bivalves, gastropods and cephalopods. However, the inner layer in the great majority of mollusk shells is porcellaneous, not nacreous, and this usually results in a non-iridescent shine, or more rarely in non-nacreous iridescence such as flame structure as is found in conch pearls.
Pearls and the inside layer of …

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Garnet

30.09.2011. 10:42:32 (GMT +1)

The garnet group includes a group of minerals that have been used since the Bronze Age as gemstones and abrasives. The name garnet may come from either the Middle English word gernet meaning 'dark red', or the Latin granatus ("grain"), possibly a reference to the Punica granatum ("pomegranate"), a plant with red seeds similar in shape, size, and color to some garnet crystals.
Six common species of garnet are recognized by their chemical composition. They are pyrope, almandine, spessartine, grossular (varieties of which are hessonite or cinnamon-stone and tsavorite), uvarovite and …

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Filigree

30.09.2011. 10:09:50 (GMT +1)

Filigree is a delicate kind of jewelry metalwork made with twisted threads usually of gold and silver or stitching of the same curving motifs. It often suggests lace, and in recent centuries remains popular in Indian and other Asian metalwork, and French from 1660 to the late 19th century. It should not be confused with ajoure jewelry work; while both have many open areas, filigree involves threads being soldered together to form an object and ajoure involves holes being punched, drilled, or cut through an existing piece of metal.
The word, often thought derived from the Latin filum, …

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Gemstone

28.09.2011. 10:05:27 (GMT +1)

A gemstone or gem (also called a precious or semi-precious stone, or jewel) is a piece of mineral, which, in cut and polished form, is used to make jewelry or other adornments. However certain rocks, (such as lapis lazuli) and organic materials (such as amber or jet) are not minerals, but are still used for jewelry, and are therefore often considered to be gemstones as well. Most gemstones are hard, but some soft minerals are used in jewelry because of their luster or other physical properties that have aesthetic value. Rarity is another characteristic that lends value to a gemstone. …

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Silver & Sterling Silver

23.09.2011. 16:10:53 (GMT +1)

Silver

This article is about the chemical element. For the color, see Silver (color). For other uses, see Silver (disambiguation).

Periodic table: 47 Ag; Appearance: lustrous white metal
silver is a metallic chemical element with the chemical symbol Ag (Latin: argentum, from the Indo-European root *arg- for "grey" or "shining") and atomic number 47. A soft, white, lustrous transition metal, it has the highest electrical conductivity of any element and the highest thermal conductivity of any metal. The metal occurs naturally in its pure, free form (native silver), as an alloy …

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Cubic zirconia

23.09.2011. 15:19:03 (GMT +1)

Cubic zirconia (CZ) is the cubic crystalline form of zirconium dioxide (ZrO2). The synthesized material is hard, optically flawless and usually colorless, but can be manufactured in many different colors. It should not be confused with zircon. Zircon is a zirconium silicate (ZrSiO4). It is sometimes mistakenly named cubic zirconium.
Because of its cheap price, durability, and visual similarity to diamond, synthetic cubic zirconia is the most important competitor for diamonds since 1976.

Cubic zirconia is crystallographically isometric, an important attribute of a diamond …

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Amber

23.09.2011. 15:00:30 (GMT +1)

 

Fishing for amber on the coast of Baltic Sea. Storms throw out amber nuggets in Poland.
Amber is a fossilized tree resin. It was appreciated for its color and natural beauty since ancient times. There are five different type of amber, depending on the basis of their chemical constituents. Amber is used as jewelry most often, but also used as an ingredient in perfumes.

Amber sometimes contains animal and plant material as inclusions. The presence of insects in amber means that amber had to be in a liquid state to cover the bodies of insects.

Amber occurring in coal s…

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Jewelry and its history

23.09.2011. 14:33:18 (GMT +1)

Jewelry is a form of personal ornament. They are many different form of jewelry such as rings, necklaces, earrings, and bracelets, brooches.
With some exception such as military dog tags, or medical alert bracelets, jewellery differs from other personal ornament in that it has no other purpose than to look attractive, but it has been producing and wearing for a long time. An evidence is the 100,000-year-old beads made from Nassarius shells might to be the oldest known jewellery.
Jewelry can be made from many different materials, but gemstones, precious metals, beads and shells have …

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